The State of New Jersey currently utilizes the 2018 International Fire Code, New Jersey Edition for the enforcement of the fire code.
HOME RESALE INSPECTIONS:
Uniform Fire Code requires before the change of occupancy (home re-sale), the owner shall obtain a Smoke Detector Carbon Monoxide Alarm Certificate (CSDCMAC) in any 1-family or 2-family dwelling unit and also in apartment units. If you live in a home, the homeowner/realtor is responsible for scheduling an inspection. If you live in an apartment, the management company is responsible for scheduling an inspection.
- Operable 10-year battery sealed smoke alarm located on every level of dwelling (5:70-4.19), or *hardwired as required, including the basement.
- Smoke detectors shall be less than 10 years old from date of manufacture date of settlement (closing).
- Operable, labeled and charged Fire Extinguisher. Size 1A:10B:C, no smaller than 2 ½ pounds and no larger than 10 Lbs. Installed with manufacturer provided brackets and the top of the extinguisher not more than 3 feet to 5 feet above the floor. Either installed in the kitchen or within 10 feet of the kitchen area.
- Operable Carbon Monoxide Detector installed in the immediate vicinity of the sleeping areas for all dwellings that contain fuel-burning devices or attached garage.
- House number must be a minimum of 30 inches from the ground and minimum 3 inch numbers that are visible from the road.
- Note: after-market fire alarm/security systems must be able to function with out electricity and meet state fire and building codes.
Smoke Detector Information:
Each level of the dwelling is required to have a smoke detector. The detectors are either battery powered or electric powered, depending on the year the house was built:
- Before 1977: Battery powered detector in hall adjacent to bedrooms.
- 1977 – 1980: Electric powered detector in hall adjacent to bedrooms, battery powered detectors on remaining levels.
- 1981 – 1983: Electric powered, interconnected in hall adjacent to bedrooms and basement, if applicable.
- 1984 – 1990: Electric powered, interconnected detectors on all levels.
- 1991 – 1992: Electric powered, interconnected detectors in all bedrooms, in vicinity of bedrooms and on all levels.
- 1992 – Present: Electric powered, interconnected detectors in all bedrooms, in vicinity of bedrooms and on all levels with battery powered back up
Carbon Monoxide Detector Information:
Carbon Monoxide detectors must be in all dwellings, except those not containing fuel-burning appliances or do not have an attached garage (open parking structure is not an attached garage).
Carbon Monoxide detectors may be battery powered or plug in type or hard-wired and installed on wall, ceiling or in accordance to manufacturer’s installation instructions.
Fire Extinguisher Information:
The Uniform Fire Code requires fire extinguishers be installed upon the sale of property or change of occupancy.
- At least one portable Class ABC fire extinguisher shall be installed in all one and two family detached dwellings and in apartment units.
- Extinguisher shall be listed, labeled, charged and operable.
- Extinguisher shall be no smaller than 2 ½ pounds and no larger than 10 Lbs.
- Extinguishers shall be installed with manufacture brackets and the top of the extinguisher not more than 3 feet to 5 feet above the floor, and the operation instructions must be clearly visible.
- Extinguisher must be in a readily accessible area, free from blocking by furniture, storage, equipment or other items.
- Extinguishers shall be located with in 10 feet of the kitchen.
- Extinguishers shall have an owner’s manual or written information regarding the operation, inspection, and maintenance of the extinguisher.